Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art that focuses on ground fighting and submission holds. It has gained immense popularity worldwide due to its effectiveness in self-defense and competitive combat sports. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced practitioner, having a solid foundation in these essential BJJ techniques is crucial for success on the mat.
So, grab your Gi and get ready to dive into the world of BJJ Techniques!
In this guide, I will go into the 30 must-know BJJ Techniques for every practitioner. From fundamental techniques to advanced submissions, I will cover a wide range of techniques that will improve your skills and elevate your performance in the world of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. so YOU can come out on Top!
My personal favorite BJJ Techniques
Sit-up Guard Pull: I especially like this one because I had the most success with it against strong wrestlers.
watch a full tutorial on concepts down below.
Scissor Sweep(No GI): If you like closed guard like me this sweep will become your best friend!
watch a full tutorial down below.
The Triangle Choke: I Love this submission for Two reasons 1.It’s Really strong and 2. There are lots of sneaky ways to get the choke locked in from my favorite position closed guard.
See how it’s done.
Fundamental BJJ Techniques
Basic Guard Pull:
The guard pull is the act of bringing your opponent into your guard from a standing position. This move allows you to control the pace and flow of the match. To execute a basic guard pull you can use techniques like the collar drag, ankle pick, or single-leg takedown.
Sit-up Guard Pull:
The sit-up guard pull is a common BJJ Technique used to bring your opponent into your guard while maintaining a more upright position. This move is effective against opponents who have a strong base and are difficult to sweep but this will do the job.
Butterfly Guard Pull:
The butterfly guard pull is a versatile technique that allows you to off-balance your opponent and bring them into your guard. This move is particularly effective against opponents who like to stand and pass the guard.
De La Riva Guard Pull:
The De La Riva guard pull is a popular technique used to control your opponent’s movement and set up various sweeps and submissions. This move involves wrapping your leg around your opponent’s leg and using it as a lever to off-balance them.
Spider Guard Pull:
The spider guard pull is a technique that involves using your legs to control your opponent’s arms and create space for attacks. This guard is known for its effectiveness in controlling and sweeping opponents.
FAQs – Guard Pulls
Q1: What is a guard pull in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ)?
A1: guard pull is a technique used to bring the fight to the ground, where the practitioner can establish a dominant position. It involves initiating contact with the opponent while standing and pulling them into your guard, a defensive position on your back.
Q2: Why should I learn guard pulls?
A2: Guard pulls are crucial in BJJ as they allow you to control the fight from the bottom position. By pulling your opponent into your guard, you can neutralize their attacks and set up submissions or sweeps.
Q3: Are there different types of guard pulls?
A3: Yes, there are various types of guard pulls, including the collar drag, ankle pick, single leg, hip bump, and many more. Each type has its own advantages and can be used in different situations based on your preference and strategy.
Q4: Do I need a lot of strength to perform guard pulls?
A4: No, guard pulls do not require excessive strength. Proper technique and timing are more important. By using leverage and momentum, you can execute guard pulls effectively, regardless of your physical strength.
Q5: Can I use guard pulls as a beginner?
A5: Absolutely! Guard pulls are fundamental techniques that beginners can learn and incorporate into their game. They provide a solid foundation for further development in BJJ.
Q6: Are there any risks or potential drawbacks to guard pulls?
A6: While guard pulls can be effective, there are risks involved. If executed improperly, you may expose yourself to attacks, sweeps, or submissions from your opponent. It’s crucial to study and practice guard pulls diligently to minimize these risks.
Sweeps and Reversals
In Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, sweeps and reversals are crucial techniques that allow you to transition from a disadvantaged position to a dominant one.
These BJJ Techniques can help you escape from being pinned or controlled by your opponent and turn the tide of the fight in your Favor. Here are five essential sweeps and reversals that You should know.
The scissor sweep is a classic technique that is highly effective from the closed guard position. By using your legs to control your opponent’s arm and hips, you can off-balance them and sweep them over, ending up in the top position.
The flower sweep is another powerful sweep from the closed guard. It involves using your legs to control your opponent’s posture while simultaneously trapping one of their arms. With a quick hip movement, you can sweep them over and take the top position.
Hip Bump Sweep:
The hip bump sweep, also known as the “upa” sweep, is a simple yet effective technique that works well from the closed guard or half guard. By using a hip thrust combined with a grip on your opponent’s collar, you can create enough momentum to sweep them over and take the top position.
The sit-up sweep, also known as the technical stand-up sweep, is a versatile technique that can be used from various positions, including the closed guard, half guard, or butterfly guard. It involves sitting up and using your legs to sweep your opponent off balance and secure the top position.
The pendulum sweep is a dynamic sweep that is commonly used from the closed guard or spider guard. By controlling your opponent’s sleeve and using your legs to generate momentum, you can swing them to the side and sweep them over, ending up in a dominant position.
FAQs – sweeps and reversals:
Q1: Are sweeps and reversals only effective from the ground?
A1: While sweeps and reversals are commonly used on the ground, they can also be applied in standing positions, such as in the clinch or during takedowns.
Q2: How do I know which sweep or reversal to use in each situation?
A2: The choice of sweep or reversal depends on various factors like your opponent’s positioning, weight distribution, and your own body type. It’s essential to train and experiment with different techniques to find what works best for you.
Q3: Can sweeps and reversals be used in self-defense situations?
A3: Yes, sweeps and reversals can be valuable in self-defense scenarios, as they allow you to escape from dangerous positions so you can gain control over your opponent.
Beginner friendly BJJ techniques (submissions)
The Rear Naked Choke
(RNC) is a fundamental BJJ technique in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ). It is considered the most important submission in BJJ. This choke is applied from the back position, where the practitioner wraps their arm around the opponent’s neck, securing the choke with the other arm. It restricts blood flow to the brain, causing unconsciousness if applied correctly so use it carefully.
The Guillotine Choke
This is another effective BJJ Technique. It can be executed from various positions, such as standing or from the guard. The choke is applied by trapping the opponent’s head and neck between the practitioner’s arms and squeezing. It can be done with a guillotine grip or an arm-in guillotine grip.
This is a joint lock that targets the opponent’s elbow joint. It is a versatile submission that can be executed from multiple positions, including the guard, mount, or side control. The practitioner secures their opponent’s arm, places their leg over the opponent’s head, and extends their hips to hyperextend the elbow joint.
The Triangle Choke
This is a highly effective submission that targets the opponent’s neck and carotid arteries. It is commonly applied from the guard position. The practitioner uses their legs to create a triangle shape around the opponent’s head and arm, cutting off blood flow to the brain.
The Kimura Lock
Also known as the double wristlock, is a shoulder lock submission. It can be executed from various positions, such as the side control or guard. The practitioner traps the opponent’s arm, applies pressure on the shoulder joint, and controls their body to secure the submission.
The Americana Lock,
Also known as the keylock or figure-four armlock, this is a shoulder lock submission that targets the opponent’s shoulder joint. It is often applied from the mount or side control position. The practitioner isolates their opponent’s arm, places their body weight on the arm, and applies pressure to secure the submission.
The Straight Ankle Lock
This is a foot lock submission that targets the opponent’s ankle joint. It can be executed from various positions, including the guard or the top position. The practitioner controls the opponent’s leg, secures their foot, and applies pressure to the ankle to force a submission.
The Ezekiel Choke
This is a powerful and versatile choke that can be executed from various positions, including the mount and side control. It involves using the sleeve of the opponent’s Gi to apply pressure to their neck. The choke can be performed with one or both hands.
The Cross Collar Choke (Only applies to BJJ with GI)
This is a choke that targets the opponent’s neck using the collar of their Gi. It can be executed from various positions, such as the guard or mount. The practitioner grips the collar with both hands and applies pressure to the opponent’s neck, cutting off blood flow.
This is a shoulder lock submission that can be executed from the guard position. It involves trapping the opponent’s arm between the practitioner’s legs, controlling their body, and applying pressure to the shoulder joint. The Omoplata can also be used as a sweep to transition to a more advantageous position.
Submission BJJ Techniques FAQ
1. What is the Collar Choke in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu? (Only applies to BJJ with GI)
The Collar Choke is a submission technique that targets the opponent’s neck using the collar of their Gi (uniform). By applying pressure to the sides of the neck, the choke restricts blood flow and air supply, forcing the opponent to submit.
2. How is the Collar Choke executed?
To execute the Collar Choke, the practitioner grips the opponent’s collar with both hands while maintaining control of their posture. The choke is applied by pulling the collar tight and applying pressure on the sides of the opponent’s neck.
3. How is the Omoplata executed?
To execute the Omoplata, the practitioner starts from the guard position, controlling the opponent’s posture. They then isolate one of the opponent’s arms, placing their leg over the arm and securing a grip. By extending their hips and applying pressure, the practitioner forces the opponent’s shoulder into a vulnerable position.
4. Are submission techniques effective in self-defense situations?
Yes, submission techniques can be effective in self-defense situations. By immobilizing an opponent or forcing them into submission, these techniques provide a means of controlling the situation without resorting to strikes or causing serious harm.
5. Do submission techniques require a lot of strength?
While strength can be an advantage, submission techniques in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu rely more on leverage, technique, and proper positioning. By using leverage and body mechanics effectively, a practitioner can overcome a stronger opponent.
6. How do I improve my submission BJJ techniques?
Improving submission techniques requires consistent practice, drilling, and sparring with training partners. It is also essential to study and understand the underlying principles of each submission, such as leverage and body mechanics.
7. Are submission BJJ techniques dangerous?
Submission techniques can be dangerous if applied without proper control or care. It is crucial to train under the guidance of a qualified instructor and to practice submissions safely to avoid injury to yourself or your training partners.
10 takedown BJJ Techniques
Single Leg Takedown:
The Single Leg Takedown is a basic BJJ move where you grab one of your opponent’s legs and take them down. It’s a handy technique for bringing them to the ground, especially when you’re both standing.
Double Leg Takedown:
Like the Single Leg Takedown, the Double Leg Takedown is a straightforward BJJ technique. You go for both of your opponent’s legs, control them, and bring your opponent down to the mat.
The Fireman’s Carry is a practical move in BJJ where you essentially carry your opponent over your shoulders and put them on the ground. It’s a useful technique for taking your opponent down and gaining control.
Ankle Pick is a simple yet effective BJJ move where you target your opponent’s ankle, grab it, and bring them down. It’s a sneaky way to disrupt their balance and gain an advantage.
Ouchi Gari or (Inside Trip):
Ouchi Gari, also known as the Inside Trip, involves using your leg to trip your opponent’s inner leg, making them lose balance and fall. It’s a great technique for getting your opponent to the ground.
Seoi Nage or (Shoulder Throw):
Seoi Nage is like throwing your opponent over your shoulder, putting them on the mat. It’s a powerful move to control your opponent and set up for various attacks.
Osoto Gari or (Outside Trip):
Osoto Gari is another trip technique. This time, you use your leg to trip your opponent’s outer leg, causing them to fall. It’s a classic move in BJJ for takedowns.
Uchi Mata or (Inner Thigh Throw):
Uchi Mata is a move where you throw your opponent using your inner thigh. It’s a skillful technique that can take your opponent by surprise and give you the upper hand.
Harai Goshi or (Sweeping Hip Throw):
Harai Goshi is all about sweeping your opponent off their feet by using your hip. It’s a graceful yet effective BJJ technique that can lead to advantageous positions.
Judo-style Drop Seoi Nage:
This technique, influenced by Judo, involves dropping down and throwing your opponent over your shoulder. It’s a dynamic move that can catch your opponent off guard.